The Role of Gait Mechanics in Predicting Running Injuries

Gait Mechanics Unveiled: Decoding the Dynamics of Human Movement

Gait mechanics, at its core, pertains to the intricate orchestration of movement patterns while walking or running. It's the harmony of joint movements, muscle contractions, and the coordination of various body segments that propels us forward. This biomechanical symphony involves a series of complex interactions between bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. As we take each step, our body adapts, adjusts, and balances to maintain efficient motion.

The Running Connection: How Gait Mechanics Shape Running Performance

In the realm of running, gait mechanics hold profound influence. The way we move affects not only our running speed but also our endurance and overall running experience. A well-aligned gait reduces energy expenditure, enabling us to cover longer distances with less effort. Conversely, inefficient mechanics can lead to early fatigue, reduced speed, and increased risk of injury.

Predicting Injuries: The Vital Role of Gait Analysis

One of the cornerstones of running injury prevention is prediction. The ability to foresee potential issues before they manifest is a game-changer. This is where gait analysis steps in. By closely scrutinizing how an individual moves, gait analysis can uncover movement abnormalities, muscular imbalances, and structural irregularities that might lead to injuries. Armed with this insight, runners and healthcare professionals can take proactive measures to avert these problems.

Certain movement patterns can put excess stress on specific joints or muscles, increasing the likelihood of injury. For instance, overpronation—a rolling inward of the foot during ground contact—can contribute to issues like shin splints and plantar fasciitis. Likewise, inadequate hip stability can lead to knee pain or iliotibial band syndrome.

analysis of gait mechanics

Understanding the interplay between gait mechanics and injury risk equips us with the knowledge to make informed decisions. By recognizing potential red flags in our movement patterns, we empower ourselves to take proactive steps to prevent injuries and optimize our running journey.

If you’re looking for a course to teach you how to expertly analyze gain in your clients and patients, have a look at our professional options here.

Exploring Common Running Injuries and Their Causes

Engaging in the invigorating activity of running brings along a sense of liberation and achievement. However, the path to becoming a seasoned runner is often dotted with challenges, and injuries are among the most prominent. Let's delve into some of the most common running injuries and unravel the factors that contribute to their emergence:

Common Running Injuries:

Causes and Contributing Factors:

Impact of Gait Mechanics on Injury Occurrence:

Gait mechanics, the way we move our bodies during running, play a pivotal role in injury risk. Poor gait mechanics can set the stage for various running injuries:

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The Role of Gait Analysis in Predicting Running Injuries

Gait analysis, a comprehensive assessment of how a person walks or runs, emerges as a powerful tool in predicting and preventing running-related injuries:

Understanding the interplay between gait mechanics and injury risk equips runners with the knowledge to proactively mitigate potential issues. By addressing gait irregularities and integrating gait analysis into training, runners can embark on a safer and more enjoyable running journey, embracing their passion while minimizing the risk of injuries. It's advisable to seek medical attention.

The Importance of Gait Mechanics for Injury Prevention

As we conclude this exploration into the intricate relationship between gait mechanics and running injuries, let's recap the key takeaways that underscore the significance of understanding and optimizing one's gait mechanics.

Gait mechanics, the intricate patterns that govern the way we walk or run, hold a profound influence on the occurrence of running-related injuries. Each stride we take is an interplay of forces and movements that can either contribute to a safe, enjoyable running experience or increase the risk of injuries.

Value of Gait Analysis

At the heart of injury prediction and prevention lies gait analysis. This sophisticated tool delves deep into the mechanics of our movements, unveiling hidden irregularities that might otherwise go unnoticed. By identifying biomechanical factors, uneven loading, and alignment deviations, gait analysis equips runners with the insights needed to address potential injury triggers proactively.

As a health professional, improving your assessment and treatment skills in gait analysis is an invaluable investment in yourself and your patients. Have a look at our various courses to improve the way you support the people who come to you for help.

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FAQs About Gait Mechanics and Running Injuries

What are gait mechanics?

Gait mechanics encompass the complex movements involved in walking or running. These movements are orchestrated by muscles, joints, and sensory feedback to create fluid motion.

How do gait mechanics contribute to running injuries?

Gait mechanics play a significant role in running injuries. Factors like alignment, loading patterns, and muscle engagement influence injury risks. Understanding and optimizing gait mechanics can help prevent injuries.

How does gait analysis predict running injuries?

Gait analysis assesses movement irregularities that may lead to injuries. By analyzing biomechanics, alignment, and loading, gait analysis provides insights into injury-prone mechanics.

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Can gait analysis prevent running injuries?

Yes, gait analysis aids injury prevention. By identifying problematic movement patterns, personalized recommendations can be made to adjust running techniques and exercise plans, reducing injury risks.

What defines “normal” running gait mechanics?

“Normal” running gait mechanics refer to optimal movement patterns that ensure efficient and safe running. Balanced alignment, even loading, and proper muscle engagement contribute to injury prevention.

How can gait analysis enhance running performance?

Gait analysis improves performance by identifying areas for mechanics improvement. By addressing these areas through personalized recommendations, runners can enhance stride efficiency and reduce energy wastage.

Is proper footwear important for gait mechanics and injury prevention?

Yes, appropriate footwear is crucial for maintaining healthy gait mechanics and preventing injuries. Well-fitting shoes that support your running style help maintain alignment and reduce biomechanical imbalances. You can find our Gait Happens recommendations for footwear here.

Is gait analysis suitable for runners of all levels?

Absolutely, gait analysis benefits runners regardless of their skill level. Understanding your gait mechanics offers insights into injury risks and areas for improvement.

Can gait analysis be conducted remotely?

Yes, many gait analysis services offer remote assessments. With technology, runners can record their gait for analysis, providing convenience for those unable to attend in-person assessments.

How often should runners undergo gait analysis?

The frequency of gait analysis varies based on individual needs. If you experience discomfort, performance changes, or start new training, gait analysis can ensure optimal mechanics.

Remember, understanding gait mechanics and their relationship to injury prevention enhances your running journey. By gaining insights and making informed adjustments, you can enjoy safer and more rewarding runs.

Please note that the answers provided here are for informational purposes only and should not replace professional medical advice. It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan based on your specific condition.

Walking Gait Analysis: Assessing Biomechanics and Kinematics

Definition of Walking Gait Analysis

Gait analysis is a specialized process used to assess and evaluate human biomechanics and kinematics during walking. It involves the careful examination of an individual's walking pattern and the various movements and forces involved in each step. Gait analysis provides valuable insights into how the body moves during walking and helps identify any abnormalities or inefficiencies in the gait cycle.

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Importance of Gait Analysis in Evaluating Human Biomechanics during Walking

Understanding how we walk is crucial because walking is a fundamental human movement that we perform daily. The way we walk can impact our overall musculoskeletal health, joint function, and overall well-being.

Gait analysis plays a vital role in identifying gait-related issues, which could potentially lead to discomfort, pain, or even injuries if left untreated. By analyzing gait, healthcare professionals can gain a deeper understanding of an individual's movement patterns and make informed decisions about treatment and intervention strategies.

Overview of Techniques Used in Walking Gait Analysis

Analysis employs various techniques and technologies to gather precise data on how a person walks. One common approach is the use of motion capture systems, which involve placing markers on specific body landmarks to track movement accurately. These systems create three-dimensional models of the walking process, allowing experts to examine joint angles, step length, and other relevant parameters.

In addition to these techniques, visual observation and manual assessment are often included in gait analysis. Skilled professionals can observe the individual's walking pattern and note any irregularities in stride, posture, or foot alignment.

Overall, walking gait analysis offers a comprehensive and multidimensional view of an individual's gait mechanics, enabling healthcare professionals to provide personalized treatment plans and improve overall walking efficiency and comfort. If you’re a healthcare professional looking to improve your gait analysis skills, we have a specific certification for this, Functional Gait Assessment.

We also have multiple other courses and memberships for professionals looking to stay at the cutting-edge of lower extremity assessment and treatment.

Understanding Gait Analysis for Walking

Key Parameters Assessed in Walking Gait Analysis

Walking gait analysis involves the evaluation of various parameters to gain a comprehensive understanding of an individual's walking pattern. Two primary types of measurements are taken during gait analysis: kinematic and kinetic measurements.

Kinematic Measurements:

Kinematic measurements focus on movement patterns and joint angles during walking. Some key kinematic parameters assessed in gait analysis include:

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Kinetic Measurements:

Kinetic measurements, on the other hand, focus on the forces involved during walking. One crucial kinetic parameter assessed in gait analysis is:

Interpreting Gait Parameters for Evaluating Patterns and Abnormalities

The interpretation of gait parameters is a critical step in gait analysis, as it allows healthcare professionals to evaluate an individual's walking pattern and identify any abnormalities or irregularities. By analyzing the kinematic and kinetic measurements, healthcare professionals can identify issues such as asymmetries, imbalances, or deviations from the normal gait pattern.

For example, differences in step length or stride duration between the left and right sides may indicate an uneven walking pattern. Abnormal joint angles may suggest joint stiffness or limited range of motion, which can affect walking efficiency and lead to discomfort or pain.

By understanding these gait parameters and their significance, healthcare professionals can tailor treatment plans and interventions to address specific gait-related issues. Gait analysis plays a crucial role in diagnosing conditions, monitoring progress during rehabilitation, and improving walking biomechanics to enhance overall mobility and quality of life.

Clinical Applications of Walking Gait Analysis


Gait analysis plays a significant role in the field of orthopedics, where it aids in diagnosing and managing various musculoskeletal conditions. Here's how gait analysis is applied in orthopedic settings:


We highly recommend a gait analysis in particular after joint replacement surgeries such as hip or knee. If you are local to Colorado please visit Total Health Solutions or Kinetic Chiropractic for treatment. Or if you would like to see a Gait Happens Clinician online, you can book an appointment here.

Sports Medicine

In sports medicine, gait analysis plays a vital role in optimizing athletic performance and reducing the risk of injuries. Here's how gait analysis is applied in sports settings:

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Gait analysis plays a critical role in rehabilitation settings by tailoring treatment plans and monitoring progress. Here's how it is applied in rehabilitation:


In summary, walking gait analysis has a wide range of clinical applications in various fields, including orthopedics, sports medicine, and rehabilitation. By leveraging the insights gained from gait analysis, healthcare professionals can deliver personalized care, optimize performance, prevent injuries, and improve the overall quality of life for their patients.

walking gait analysus

Benefits of Gait Analysis in Normal Walking

Gait analysis offers numerous benefits in the context of normal walking patterns. Even in individuals without apparent gait issues, gait analysis can provide valuable insights and contribute to overall well-being. Here are some of the key benefits:

Improving Biomechanics for Overall Well-being

Gait analysis helps individuals optimize their walking mechanics, leading to improved overall biomechanics. By identifying subtle inefficiencies or asymmetries in the gait pattern, individuals can work on correcting these aspects, which may lead to reduced strain on muscles and joints during walking. This improved biomechanics can enhance comfort, reduce fatigue, and promote better posture, ultimately contributing to better overall well-being.

Identifying Early Signs of Gait Abnormalities for Timely Intervention

In many cases, gait abnormalities may develop gradually and go unnoticed. Gait analysis can act as an early detection tool, identifying even minor deviations from a normal gait pattern. Early identification allows for timely intervention and prevents potential issues from progressing into more significant gait-related problems. Addressing gait abnormalities at an early stage may involve simple corrective measures that can prevent complications and maintain optimal mobility.

Enhancing Walking Efficiency and Reducing Strain on Joints and Muscles

Gait analysis can reveal ways to optimize an individual's walking pattern, such as adjusting stride length, foot placement, or body alignment. By making these adjustments, individuals can enhance walking efficiency, conserve energy, and reduce unnecessary strain on joints and muscles. This is particularly beneficial for individuals with conditions like arthritis or other musculoskeletal issues, as it can help minimize discomfort and improve walking endurance.

In conclusion, gait analysis is not solely limited to diagnosing and managing gait-related abnormalities. It also offers valuable benefits in the context of normal walking, contributing to improved biomechanics, early detection of potential issues, and enhanced walking efficiency. By leveraging gait analysis for both preventive and corrective purposes, individuals can take proactive steps towards maintaining healthy walking patterns and optimizing their overall well-being.

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Gait Analysis for Special Populations

Gait analysis is a versatile tool that extends its benefits beyond the general population. It plays a crucial role in assessing specific gait patterns and mobility issues in special populations. Here are some key areas where gait analysis has proven invaluable:

Gait Analysis for Children and its Role in Monitoring Development

Gait analysis in children is essential for monitoring their gait development and identifying any deviations from typical walking patterns. Since children's bodies are constantly growing and changing, gait analysis can help detect early signs of developmental issues or abnormalities. It aids healthcare professionals in assessing factors like stride length, foot position, and gait symmetry, which are vital indicators of healthy motor development. By recognizing potential concerns early on, appropriate interventions can be initiated to support children's optimal gait development.

Geriatric Gait Analysis and Fall Risk Assessment

As individuals age, changes in gait patterns become more prevalent, leading to an increased risk of falls and mobility challenges. Gait analysis in the elderly population is instrumental in assessing their walking patterns, balance, and stability. It can identify gait abnormalities and highlight fall risk factors.

Based on the analysis results, healthcare providers can implement targeted interventions, such as balance training exercises, to reduce the risk of falls and improve overall mobility and confidence in daily activities.

Gait Analysis for Individuals with Neurological Disorders and Mobility Challenges

For individuals with neurological disorders or mobility impairments, gait analysis provides valuable insights into their specific gait patterns and functional limitations. Conditions like cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, or stroke can profoundly impact walking abilities.

Gait analysis helps healthcare professionals understand how these conditions affect gait mechanics, muscle activation, and joint movements. This knowledge allows for the design of personalized rehabilitation programs and assistive devices that promote independence and mobility.

In summary, gait analysis plays a vital role in understanding and addressing gait-related challenges in special populations. From monitoring children's development to assessing fall risk in the elderly and guiding rehabilitation for individuals with neurological disorders, gait analysis empowers healthcare professionals to provide targeted interventions and enhance the quality of life for those with unique gait needs.

Challenges and Limitations of Gait Analysis

While gait analysis is a valuable tool in understanding human biomechanics during walking, it does come with certain challenges and limitations. As with any scientific method, it is crucial to acknowledge these factors to ensure the accurate interpretation and application of gait analysis data. Here are some of the key challenges and limitations associated with gait analysis:

Accuracy Considerations

Interpreting gait analysis requires specialized knowledge and expertise. Gait parameters can be influenced by various factors, such as walking speed, fatigue, and environmental conditions. Healthcare professionals conducting gait analysis must carefully consider these variables to draw meaningful conclusions. Remember it is a glimpse in time, so we need to consider all factors including the biopsychosocial factors when evaluating someone’s gait.

Limitations of Gait Analysis in Real-World Scenarios

Gait analysis is typically performed in controlled environments, which may not fully represent real-world walking conditions. Individuals may alter their gait patterns when aware of being observed, leading to potential discrepancies between lab-based and natural gait.

Despite these limitations, gait analysis in laboratory settings still provides valuable insights into gait mechanics and can be complemented with other assessment methods to provide a more comprehensive understanding of walking patterns in real-world scenarios.


Walking gait analysis serves as a powerful tool in understanding human biomechanics during walking and plays a vital role in various fields and applications. Throughout this article, we've explored the significance of gait analysis in assessing and evaluating gait patterns, kinematics, and kinetics, providing valuable insights for diagnosis, treatment planning, and performance optimization. As we conclude this discussion, let's recap the key takeaways:

Importance of Walking Gait Analysis: Walking gait analysis offers a comprehensive evaluation of human walking patterns, enabling healthcare professionals and researchers to gain a deeper understanding of biomechanics and kinematics during walking. By assessing gait parameters like step length, stride duration, joint angles, and ground reaction forces, gait analysis becomes a valuable tool in identifying gait abnormalities and potential issues affecting mobility and overall well-being.

Value of Gait Analysis in Diverse Fields and Applications: Gait analysis finds applications in various domains, such as orthopedics, sports medicine, rehabilitation, and more. In orthopedics, gait analysis helps in diagnosing and managing musculoskeletal conditions, while sports medicine utilizes it to enhance athletic performance and prevent injuries. For rehabilitation, gait analysis personalizes treatment plans for better outcomes. Furthermore, gait analysis can benefit special populations like children and individuals with neurological disorders by aiding in monitoring development and assessing fall risks.

Encouragement to Seek Professional Gait Analysis: For those experiencing gait-related issues, seeking professional gait analysis is highly recommended. By consulting with healthcare specialists trained in gait analysis, individuals can receive personalized assessments, accurate interpretations of gait parameters, and tailored treatment plans. Whether seeking to improve walking efficiency, address gait abnormalities, or enhance athletic performance, gait analysis serves as a crucial step toward optimal health and performance. If you are looking to have your own gait analyzed but a Gait Happens clinician and you are local to Colorado, please visit Total Health Solutions or Kinetic Chiropractic for treatment. Or if you would like to see a Gait Happens Clinician online, you can book an appointment here.

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In conclusion, walking gait analysis is an invaluable tool that empowers individuals to understand their biomechanics during walking and take proactive measures to improve mobility, prevent injuries, and enhance overall well-being. Embrace the potential of gait analysis and consider consulting with experts to embark on a journey towards personalized health and performance optimization.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is walking gait analysis?

Walking gait analysis is the process of evaluating human walking biomechanics and kinematics. It involves assessing parameters like step length, stride duration, joint angles, and ground reaction forces to understand walking patterns.

Why is gait analysis important?

Gait analysis is vital in identifying gait abnormalities, enhancing walking efficiency, and optimizing mobility. It finds applications in fields such as orthopedics, sports medicine, and rehabilitation.

What are the benefits of gait analysis for normal walking?

Gait analysis for normal walking improves biomechanics, identifies early signs of issues, and reduces strain on joints and muscles. It enhances overall walking efficiency.

Can gait analysis help special populations?

Yes, gait analysis benefits children, the elderly, and individuals with neurological conditions. It aids in monitoring development, assessing fall risks, and addressing mobility challenges.

Are there any limitations to gait analysis?

Gait analysis has challenges, including data interpretation and real-world limitations. However, ongoing research improves its capabilities.

How can I benefit from walking gait analysis?

Seeking professional gait analysis is recommended if you have walking-related issues or want to optimize your walking performance. Experts provide personalized assessments and treatment plans.

Is gait analysis only for athletes or those with specific conditions?

No, gait analysis benefits individuals of all backgrounds. Athletes optimize performance and prevent injuries, while others improve walking efficiency and manage gait issues.

How often should I undergo gait analysis?

Frequency depends on individual needs. Some may have regular sessions, while others undergo analysis as needed for specific concerns.

Can gait analysis aid in recovery from injury or surgery?

Yes, gait analysis helps post-injury or post-surgery rehabilitation. Professionals develop personalized plans to aid recovery, improve mechanics, and prevent future problems.

Remember, gait analysis offers valuable insights into walking patterns and can lead to improved mobility and personalized care. Seek professional analysis for proactive steps towards better health and walking performance.

Please note that the answers provided here are for informational purposes only and should not replace professional medical advice. It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan based on your specific condition.

Should I Prescribe Foot Orthotics? Where do we stand? 


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Here at Gait Happens we believe there is a time and a place for most all interventions. This point holds true for the question, ‘Should I prescribe Foot Orthotics?’

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What Are Foot Orthoses?

woman with foot orthotic
What Are Foot Orthoses?

What are they exactly and how do they work? Well, to be honest, the researchers are still shaking their heads. We know they can be beneficial in SOME cases, but the WHY is still to be determined. When we describe what an orthotic is to a patient, we like to use the term LOAD modifier.

A foot orthotic disperses load away from certain parts of the foot and moves that load towards other parts of the foot. Think about the bumpers on a bowling alley, for kids :). The kid rolls the ball, it’s about to go in the gutter, but the bumper bounces it out and keeps it in play. That’s how we like to describe what happens with one of these devices, and it’s important to remember when asking yourself, ‘Should I prescribe foot orthotics?’

You have abnormal load occurring, and the orthotic keeps the foot in play. Sounds great right?

The Downside to Foot Orthoses

Well here’s the not so good part. Think of the muscles of our foot as the gutters. If that ball (foot) never sees that gutter because that bumper (orthotic) is there, and those muscles never see any action, what do you think happens to them? We’ll tell you.

If you don’t use it, you will lose it.

Our foot was beautifully designed with layers of muscles, and many joint articulations in order to handle immense amounts of load when we walk and run. When our feet become weak, or we have Habitually been in poor footwear, our feet can no longer handle these loads. As a result, pain ensues, and the first line of intervention from so many professionals is, “You better get an orthotic!”

Hold your horses there Charlie, didn’t you just say our foot was designed to handle massive amounts of load?

Yea, we sure did.

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So, Should I Prescribe Foot Orthotics?

So here lies the conundrum.

We once asked ourselves that question (should I prescribe foot orthotics). And here is our response.

Load modifiers aka foot orthoses should be a temporary therapy. They should be utilized on a need basis only. Research has shown that foot orthoses can be very helpful for patients with heel pain for example, BUT only for a short period of time, not 30 years. The goal is to modify the load, give the tissues a break, get the pain to settle a bit AND work on restoring function so the orthotic is no longer needed.

Should I Prescribe Foot Orthotics in Certain Cases?

Dr. Jen Perez checking the foot.
Should I Prescribe Foot Orthotics in Certain Cases?

Now, there are cases where these load modifiers may need to be utilized for longer periods of time. Luckily, these are very few cases. If someone has a trauma, a structural variant, disfigured feet from years of weakness where no matter how much we strengthen that foot, not much is going to change. Then yes, we may need a permanent foot orthotic. Even still, we at Gait Happens will be prescribing exercises and working towards improving function. You can learn more about how we prescribe and assess in our Professional Trainings here.


So in conclusion, if you’re asking yourself, ‘Should I prescribe foot orthotics?’, the answer is there is a time and a place for foot orthotic prescriptions. The goal should be to have an exit strategy. Utilize them as needed and only as necessary. Work on foot strength and mobility and build a foundation that will carry your patients and clients into their later years pain free and living a quality of life they can enjoy. Check out our 12-week online program for optimal foot strength and mobility here.

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What are foot orthotics and how do they work?

Foot orthotics are load modifiers worn inside shoes to correct foot problems. They disperse load away from certain parts of the foot and move it towards other parts, working like a bumper on a bowling alley to keep the foot in play.

Are foot orthotics always necessary for foot problems?

Foot orthotics should only be prescribed when they are the most appropriate treatment for a patient’s condition, as they have benefits and drawbacks. It is important to consider other treatment options before prescribing them, such as physical therapy or stretching exercises. Learn more about when to prescribe orthotics in our professional courses here.

What are the downsides of using foot orthotics?

Foot orthotics can be expensive, may cause discomfort, and weaken the muscles of the foot if used for too long. They rob the foot of its ability to strengthen and become more mobile.

When should I prescribe foot orthotics?

Foot orthotics should be prescribed when they are the most appropriate treatment for a patient’s condition. They may be recommended for patients with conditions such as plantar fasciitis, flat feet, and overpronation.

Can off-the-shelf foot orthotics be as effective as custom-made ones?

Custom-made foot orthotics are designed to fit a patient’s foot precisely, which can improve their effectiveness. However, off-the-shelf options can be effective for some patients and are often more affordable.

How long should foot orthotics be worn?

Foot orthotics should be worn for a short period of time to modify the load, get the pain to settle, and work on restoring function. They should be utilized on a need basis only. In rare cases, they may need to be utilized for longer periods of time.

*Please note that the answers provided here are for informational purposes only and should not replace professional medical advice. It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan based on your specific condition.

 Terminology for foot conditions? What’s the big deal? Achilles tendinitis? Tendinosis? Tendinopathy? 


demonstration of the area of pain
Terminology for foot conditions

The correct terminology for foot conditions is a hot topic in professional circles where people care about providing the highest possible care. In an article he wrote, Dr. Peter Malliaras stated, ‘Participants in a recent international symposium about the condition agreed that the term Achilles tendinopathy is most appropriate.’ (1)

Labels such as tendinitis and tendinosis are discouraged because: they imply specific biological processes that are currently debated and unclear. They may erroneously imply that certain treatments like rest may be sufficient for recovery; and the use of multiple terms among clinicians, the literature and other sources (eg, the internet) contributes to confusion and mistrust among patients.

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Achilles diagnosis

Achilles diagnosis picture
Achilles diagnosis

The jury is out on whether symptoms resulting from an Achilles diagnosis are inflammatory or degenerative in nature. However, recently the research has shifted towards it being more degenerative in nature. This would mean that rest, and anti-inflammatories may be the wrong call here. We believe there is probably a bit of both, however, we do know that progressively loading the tendon is necessary for recovery.

It’s important to note that it is not that the REST is bad, because the patient may start to feel better with less activity. However, without loading the tendon, the tendon does not go under any reparative processes. Therefore, when return to activity happens, recurrence is high. As you can see, using the correct terminology for foot conditions does matter.

Plantar fasciitis? Plantar fasciosis? Plantar fasciopathy?

Plantar fasciitis demostration
Plantar fasciitis? Fasciosis? Fasciopathy?

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This is very similar to plantar fasciitis? Fasciosis? Fasciopathy?

Plantar fasciitis: “itis’ refers to the heel pain being inflammatory in nature. This inflammation can come from trauma or inflammation that occurs with micro-tearing after someone ‘Over does it’. This is treated similarly to how we treat any acute injury. Anti-inflammatories for a short period of time, rest. etc for ONLY A SHORT PERIOD of time.

Plantar fasciosis: is the term used to describe the degenerated and non-inflamed phase of plantar fasciopathy (heel pain) caused by the degeneration (deterioration) of the plantar fascia which often occurs as a result of repetitive stress.

This is typically how patients will present. Due to the fact that it is degenerative in nature, the above treatments are not recommended. Orthotics in conjunction with strengthening protocols for the foot may be warranted.

Stem cell therapy is a newer treatment that is catching fire, although there are no guarantees. We highly recommend people see a clinician build a treatment plan specifically based on their needs.

A key point to note is that when there are bilateral symptoms, both heels, it is necessary to get bloodwork to identify if there is something systemic going on either delaying healing or increasing inflammation

Plantar fasciopathy: is a generalized blanket term used to describe a long-term overuse problem of the plantar fascia that causes heel pain. Plantar fasciopathy includes both periods of inflammation (plantar fasciitis) and periods of no inflammation where the plantar fascia is left degenerated (plantar fasciopathy).

Conclusion – Terminology for foot conditions

In conclusion, professionally we prefer to use the terminology for foot conditions consistent with FASCIOPATHY / TENDINOPATHY as both inflammation and degeneration are factors in the majority of these cases. However you may see us using the terms ‘itis’ here in our blog especially for lay people who are only familiar with those terms. If you’d like to train with us professionally, or get more content of this nature on an ongoing basis, check out our professional offerings here.


  1. Malliaras P (2022) Physiotherapy management of Achilles tendinopathy. Journal of Physiotherapy 68:221–237

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Why is it important to use the correct terminology for foot conditions?

Using the correct terminology for foot conditions is important because it helps to avoid confusion and mistrust among patients. Inaccurate labels may lead to the belief that certain treatments like rest may be sufficient for recovery when they may not be. Additionally, using consistent terminology among clinicians and in the literature can help ensure that patients receive the highest possible care.

What is the most appropriate term for Achilles condition?

Dr. Peter Malliaras recommends the use of “Achilles tendinopathy” as the most appropriate term for Achilles condition.

What is the difference between plantar fasciitis, plantar fasciosis, and plantar fasciopathy?

Plantar fasciitis refers to inflammation in the heel area caused by trauma or overuse. The degenerated and non-inflamed phase of plantar fasciopathy (which results from repetitive stress) is called Plantar fasciosis. Plantar fasciopathy is a blanket term used to describe a long-term overuse problem of the plantar fascia that causes heel pain and includes both periods of inflammation and periods of no inflammation where the plantar fascia is left degenerated.

How should you treat plantar fasciosis?

Treatment for plantar fasciosis may include orthotics and strengthening exercises for the foot. Newer treatments like stem cell therapy may also be an option.

What should I do when there are bilateral symptoms of plantar fasciopathy?

When there are bilateral symptoms of plantar fasciopathy, it may be necessary to undergo bloodwork to identify if there is an underlying systemic issue that is delaying healing or increasing inflammation.

*Please note that the answers provided here are for informational purposes only and should not replace professional medical advice. It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan based on your specific condition.

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